Message from chairman



-Dipak Prasad Koirala
Citrus occupies an important position among commercial fruit crops in Nepal. It accounts for about 37 percent of the total fruit production of the country. Its role in the country’s nutritional security, poverty alleviation and employment generation is becoming increasingly important.
Citrus fruits having commercial potential in Nepal are mandarins (Citrus reticulata Blanco), Junar (Citrus sinensis Osbeck), lime (Citrus aurantifolia Swing), lemon (Citrus lemon Lin) and hill-lemon (Citrus pseudolemon). The production of these crops in 2012 was about 179494 ton, 50679 ton, 22571 ton and 6432 ton respectively. Junar occupies the second position both in terms of production and area coverage. Junar Central Cooperative Union Ltd. developed farming manual and technical crop calendar based on research and about 40 years of practical experience so that resource persons, scientists, planners, development workers, entrepreneurs, students and also educated citrus farmers of the country would directly benefit from the information provided through publication. In Nepal the cooperative movement was started from the beginning of the first five years plan in 1956. The first cooperative act was enforced in 1959 and amended in 1992. At present, there are 9362 primary cooperatives registered in the Department of Cooperative, out of which 1192 are agricultural cooperatives including horticulture and 2402 multipurpose cooperatives. Besides the Department of Cooperative, there is one Cooperative Development Board and one Federation of Cooperatives at the central level to facilitate the cooperative functions.
Despite these arrangements and long history of cooperative movement, the experience of Nepal on the performance of cooperatives is not good. One of the main reasons for such poor performance of cooperatives in the past was that cooperatives were created and managed by the government, especially those cooperatives established before 1990. But after the enforcement of the cooperative act, 1992, many agricultural cooperatives are established by and for farmers and some of them are functioning very effectively. Agricultural cooperatives, which are established in self-initiation of farmers and have activities that provide quick economic returns, are performing better. In the context of Junar, there are hundreds of cooperatives involved in Junar business. Processing and marketing are other thematic areas of Junar where cooperatives should involve interest in the future. But, reforms of cooperatives in their organizational structures and management, skills and determination of their managers and other staff, and promotion of members' interest are the basic elements which determine the success of any cooperatives in Junar business. I would like to express sincerely thanks and appreciation to support us for every success on our mission JICA Nepal to provide technical support through Senior volunteer and JOCV and International training opportunity, Embassy of Japan in Nepal to Provide Grant for construction cold storage facility, US Embassy Kathmandu provide opportunity to participate me International Leadership visitor program. FNCCI to support marketing and establishment of processing facility based on collaboration model with Government, Junar cooperatives and Privet sector through Program OVOP, ODOP. National cooperative Federation of Nepal to support on lot of issues. National cooperative Bank to support financially . and aso thanks for support our union and farmer through Government agency Ministry of agriculture, Ministry of cooperative and poverty alleviation DADO, DDC, Department of cooperative. Special Thanks for Change fusion Nepal to provide me Social entrepreneurship Award 2013 Finally, I would like to express sincerely thanks and appreciation to 7800 H.H. junar farmers 49 junar primary cooperatives and all of cooperative movement leader tosupport me 15 years of continue leadership on Junar Cooperatives role as chairman.
-Mr. Dipak Prasad Koirala
Chairman, JCC